Rafael Carrabba Violins is one of the country’s finest violin shops. Musicians from around the globe have brought their instruments to our expert luthiers for repairs, restorations, and valuations. We sell instruments and bows in all price ranges. We also sell cases, strings, and accessories.  

Rafael Carrabba Violins is located on Queen Anne Hill at 405 W Galer Street in beautiful Seattle, Washington.

If you are traveling to Seattle to try one of our instruments, we can help you find a hotel close to the shop. More information? Please call us at 206-283-5566.

View Larger Map


Carrabba Violins

405 W Galer St
Seattle, WA 98119 
206-283-5566             email click here


Tues-Fri 9-5
Sat 10-5

Bow repair and rehair by appointment 


Main | The Physical characteristics of a bow: »

Selecting a Bow


By Mark R. Reindorf (Strings Magazine Premier Issue 1986)

 You’re not alone.  At some time, virtually every string player thinks about replacing a bow or acquiring a second, back-up bow.

Some specific desire may prompt you: Wanting a stronger bow, one that bounces better, gives a deeper or more resonant sound, or has a better sense of balance.  Or you feel a vague dissatisfaction with current tone production or ease of playing that might be traced to the bow.

Often the search for a bow immediately follows the choice of a new instrument.  This is not surprising, since the resonating characteristics of instruments differ (often markedly) with each and every bow.  Each instrument has a unique palette of sound, and the perfect bow is the one that allows those characteristics colors of sound to speak clearly. By the same token, a player who is not satisfied with the sound of his current instrument may be wise to first experiment with a change of bows.  This is apt to be far less traumatic – and usually less costly – than a change of instruments.

You may also be prompted by feeling that the time has come to acquire a rare French or English bow or a fine bow by a contemporary maker.  Such an acquisition often brings a psychological uplift along with its physical and musical benefits. No matter what leads you to look for a different or “better” bow, the task of seeking out and eventually acquiring one will prove much simpler – and ultimately more satisfying – if you identify concrete, realistic objectives before you start.  The first step requires using your current bow to examine and analyze two areas: Quality of sound and ease of playing.

Quality of Sound

Start by trying to identify the type of sound you need and desire – and the problems, if any, you currently encounter in achieving it.  This can depend on more than your instrument alone.  Do you most often play orchestral music? Chamber music?  Solo works?  Are the rooms or halls in which you most often find yourself small or large, bright or dull?  Being happy most of the time is better than trying to find a bow that will work everywhere, every time.

Help yourself with descriptive works about sound quality: Darker, bright, clearer, more focused, louder, fuller, less fuzzy, less surface noise, more lush, and soon.  Establishing a bench mark of current dissatisfactions can lead you to specific goals while making the selection process more bearable.

Ease of Playing

Here, an equally wide variety of factors come into question.  Group them in four basic bow characteristics: Strength, flexibility, weight, and balance.  Together, these elements make for comparative ease of playing.  They also influence performance requirements such as spiccato, sautillé, staccato, clean detaché, and chord production.

Continue by analyzing and noting the specific weaknesses of you r current bow.  You can then consult a check list when actually trying new bows.  A written one is better than a purely mental one, and the accompanying chart may prove helpful to you.

Strength is often inversely related to flexibility.  It can be identified from both the vertical and the horizontal/lateral aspects.  Isolated areas of weakness are often traceable to problems of camber – the inward curving of the bow which is achieved by bending under heat.  When cooled, the stick retains this inward flex which, along with the inherent strength of the wood, is responsible for the bow’s basic playing characteristics.

An experienced bow expert may be able to impart new life – or at least correct minor problems – by simply adjusting the camber.  Always leave this to an expert who will not distort the type of camber originally intended for the stick, which varies by historical period and maker.

The weights of bows – like all objects made of natural materials – vary distinctly.  Traditionally, violin bows have weighed about 60 grams, viola bow, 70, cello, 80, and double bass from 120 to 150.  Recently, players have been favoring slightly heavier bows.  Bows under these standards are considered light.

In fact, the weight of the bow may increase by as many as 5 grams depending on the wrapping used.  The wrapping, or winding, primarily serves to resist the pressure of the finger where the weight of the arm is transferred to the bow.  The wrapping counters the tendency of the fingers to slip, while protecting the bow from excessive wear at this critical pressure point.  Wrappings of tinsel or thread add virtually no weight to the bow, but they wear out quickly through rubbing and perspiration.  Whalebone is equally light, far more durable, elegant and expensive.  It is also now illegal in many countries.  Silver wire is the most widely used wrapping material.  Its weight is determined the length and gauge.  (On bows with gold mounted frogs, the preferred wrap is, of course, gold wire.)

Like strength and flexibility, the weight and balance of a bow are often related.  Balance is, after all, simply the distribution of weight along the bow.  In general, the balancing point is about seven inches from the front of the frog.  Bows which have a balance point significantly different from this norm will feel either tip- or frog-heavy.

Tip-heavy bows are the band of orchestral players.  Never underestimate the fatigue that comes of accompanying a soloist through long pianissimo passages while exerting counterbalancing pressure the little finger!

You can partially correct the imbalance of a bow which is too light at the tip.  One way is to add a silver plate at the head; another, to replace the standard wooden wedge with a lead plug.  But try these measures only if the bow already possesses generally favorable playing characteristics.

Budget Considerations

For most players, purely financial considerations enter into the choice of a bow.  Even those fortunate few who can afford anything will consider cost from another angle – investment potential and inherent value.  Whatever your situation, you are wise to consider this advice:

Don’t refrain from trying bows that cost less than what you are ready to spend.  If you find what you need and save money, you’ll be delighted.  If not, you’ll be consoled by knowing that you haven’t spent too much.  If you try bows that cost more than you will pay, you are certain to find one you love.  It will spoil you and make finding the right one all the more difficult and agonizing.

For the professional player or teacher, a bow is essential to business – one of the few depreciable capital assets which actually appreciates in value.  (If sold later, the profit realized over the depreciated basis is taxed as a capital gain, generally the more favorable rate.  And current tax laws permit the claiming of the investment tax credit, which allows one to subtract 10% of the bow’s cost from one’s overall tax bill.)

As pure investments, bows have performed spectacularly in recent decades along with other art works.  With the current decline in inflation, this rate of appreciation could slow down considerably.  But fine rare French and English bows will continue to appreciate for three reasons: Their playing characteristics are generally outstanding.  Demand for them – internationally, from museums, private collectors, and players, is increasing.  And, finally, the supply can only diminish.

The finest bows by François Xavier Tourte, for example, now range in price from $25,000 to $50,000, depending on the mountings and the individual history of each bow.  For bows by Dominique Peccatte and Nikolaus Kittel, the range is roughly half that.  (Kittle is a true anomaly: A German by birth, he worked in St. Petersburg.  Because of his outstanding craftsmanship, he is referred to as the Russian Tourte.)

Next in value though not necessarily inferior in quality are bows by many makers: Paul Simon, Joseph Henry, Nicolas Maire, Guillaume Maline, François Lupot, Joseph Fonclause, Louis Simon Pajeot II, Nicolas Eury, Joseph Rene Lafleur, Grand-Adam, François Nicolas Voirin, and others.  At the next level is an equally diverse list that should include James Tubbs, John Dodd, Joseph Arthur Vigneron, Louis and Claude Thomassin, Jules and Victor Fetique, and Emile A. Ouchard.  To these should be added the many but lesser makers of the Vuillaume shop.

Can we assign price limits when categorizing by maker?  It is difficult, since the quality, condition, and mountings of each bow differ.  One can safely say that bows by French and English makers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries are generally not found for less that $2,000, while prices above $5,000 would be excessive.

The list above is far from exhaustive.  Along with other English and French makers of note are many Germans, among the H.R. Pfretzschner, Ludwig Bausch, Otto Hoyer, Heinrich Knopf, Albert Nürnberger, August Rau, and Richard Weichold.  They crafted many beautiful bows of the finest wood which are exceptional from the playing standpoint and far more reasonably priced than their French and English counterparts.

Why?  Tradition and pride of place.  The modern bow is essentially a French innovation.  Tainturie is credited which the discovery, around 1740, of Pernambuco as the ideal wood for bows.  Nicolas Duchene, Louis Tourte (traditionally called Tourte pére), and his son François Tourte contributed the basic stylistic and architectural changes and refinements.

This does not explain why French and English bows are more highly valued than the German.  To a great extent, prejudice, fetish, and snobbery are to blame.  As in all fields of art, inexplicable niceties of judgment help to dictate the value of bows. 

If you are concerned neither with a bow’s antiquity nor the celebrity of its maker, acquire one by a good contemporary maker instead.  Concentrate solely on the playing attributes of the bow until you have found the right one.  The price will very likely be reasonable.  Most likely, the bow will hold its value.  And if you are fortunate in finding a very good bow – or if the maker subsequently acquires a strong reputation – its value will rise.

Consider also the “shop bows” hand made by apprentices or less experienced members of a shop under the supervision of an established fine bowmaker.  While their craftsmanship and materials are generally inferior to those found in the work of the master, you may turn up something serviceable and relatively inexpensive among the shop bows.

Commercial-grade bows, on the other hand, are not intended to hold their value or even to last indefinitely.  They are intended for beginners, whose enthusiasm may flag, and for public school music programs where damage is frequent and inevitable.  The workmanship and materials are inferior, and many elements such as the frog are machine-made.  There is no reason not to play with a commercial-grade bow – but there is no good reason to continue with one longer than necessary.

Where to Look, How to Shop

If you’ve used a checklist to answer the question “what is my ideal bow,” it may be wise to follow a similar procedure in deciding where and how to look for it.  Consider…

Can I trade in my present bow for the new one?

Will the seller take by new bow in trade – or buy it back – if I decide to upgrade again?

Can I take the new bow home on trial?  For how long?

Are the price and/or terms of sale negotiable?

Will the seller guarantee the identity and provenance of my new bow?  Will he take it back if they later prove dubious?

At virtually any reputable retail violin shop – and they are to be found in most major metropolitan areas in the United States – the answers to all these questions will be “yes.”

These shops will usually maintain a representative selection of bows, both consigned items and the shop’s own inventory.  Because reputation is of paramount importance to any business that deals in one-of-a-kind items, the violin shops stand behind their sales.  They deal with problems quickly and appropriately, and depend heavily on the work-of-mouth “advertising” that comes of such performance.

What about the auction houses?  Bows often enter the market when estates are dispersed.  The heirs want to sell quickly and expediently, and may not know themselves how to evaluate each bow in a collection.  So they rely on others, often the major auction houses.  Dealers then acquire this supply in the sale rooms.  Isn’t sensible for you to join them these and avoid paying the dealer’s mark-up?  If you’re a gambler, perhaps.  But even then, several caveats are in order.

First, all the major auctions now take place in Europe; Christie’s is the only house still conducting sales in New York.  So the cost of your travel to London, Paris, or Cologne may wipe out any savings you might realize there.

Second, the sale is final.  If you subsequently decide you don’t like your new bow, your only real recourse is to sell it.  And the fact is, you won’t have had much time to try it out before buying – certainly not under calm playing conditions.

Finally, you’re apt to see a good many bows of dubious origin and condition.  Are you up to the task of sorting out the good, the bad, and the ugly?  If not, be extra careful.  Usually only an expert feels comfortable with the risks, pressures, and politics of the sale rooms.

All of this doesn’t mean you should not use the results of the auctions as a source of information about prices and trends, and to get a sense of the relative value of bows by different makers and from different schools and periods.  One of the greatest difficulties any buyer of a one-of-a-kind item faces is that he must rely so greatly on the word of the seller about the item’s value.  Knowing how comparable items sell at auction can be extremely helpful when you are shopping.

But if you won’t be doing your shopping in the sale rooms, how about through your teacher?  A private dealer?  The present owner of a bow?  Or the maker, if the bow is new?  All of these are appropriate sources – provided you’re aware of the pitfalls.

Some teachers involve themselves in bow sales, either directly by selling to a student, or by collecting a commission from a violin shop to which they have sent him.  The merits of the latter system are debatable, but it is a business custom so firmly entrenched and pervasive that it is unlikely to decline in the foreseeable future.  It is also preferable, frankly, to the practice of selling directly to a student.  What happens if you buy a bow from your teacher and then decide you don’t like it?  Or wonder if you’ve been overcharged?  It hardly seems worthwhile to endanger the complex, sensitive, teacher-student relationship.

What about orchestral colleagues?  They often sell old bows when acquiring new ones, or when retiring.  Several are selfstyled “dealers” who do a little business on the side.  Again, ask yourself not only whether you can live happily with the bow, but whether you can also live happily in the orchestra alongside its former owner.

In both cases – or when buying directly from the bow’s individual owner – you can settle any doubts by having a competent authority authenticate (or dispute) the bow’s identity and condition.  Usually, this authority will be a professional dealer.  Etiquette dictates that he give you an unbiased opinion.  At the same time, each dealer has his own supply of bows for sale.  Allow something for the proddings of natural self-interest when asking a dealer to evaluate someone else’s bow.  (One way to minimize its intrusion is to pay a fee for the appraisal.)

What about buying from the maker?  There are two advantages: You’ll probably have the opportunity to sample several bows by the same maker.  And you should save money by buying directly.  On the negative side, you probably won’t be able to trade in an old bow.  Nor do most contemporary makers buy their own bows back in the fashion of dealers.  With contemporary European makers, buying directly presents pitfalls similar to those of the auction houses – lack of time for trial and travel costs.  It makes more sense to buy through an American agent or dealer.

Selecting Your Bow

Visiting a major dealer can be overwhelming.  You are led to a back room…presented with a case of bows (groups by price or country of origin)…and then…

Wait a minute.  Prepare yourself before walking in.  First, don’t aim to find the ideal bow right away.  Simply look for the one or two bows which warrant further trial.

Make sure the dealer knows you are shopping, not buying.  At the same time, there’s no need to be suspicious, adversarial, or close-mouthed. On the contrary, dealers like nothing better than having the confidence of players.  Discuss your needs, but keep the initial discussion to musical and playing terms, not financial ones.

If you’ve developed your checklist, you know what’s right and wrong about your previous bow.  So now go into the back room and start trying out the candidates.  If you’ve been presented with 12, play through them quickly separating them roughly by “like” and “don’t like.”  You’ll probably discard half this way.  Now take up the remaining six and play the same passages or routine on each.  This is the period to consult your checklist carefully.  Be sure you’re challenging the bow’s range fully, even if briefly.  Play legato, spiccato, piano, forte, etc.  Don’t take too much time with any one bow – five minutes each – or you risk “overloading your circuits” with too many impressions.

If you’ve found one or two that survive this process, ask to take them out on trial.. Most likely you’ll be permitted to.  The dealer may ask for your references, and will want you to sign a release form.  Be sure to understand the terms, which will vary from shop to shop.  If the dealer’s insurance doesn’t cover the bow’s while in your care, find out if your own insurance will.  There’s nothing worse than paying for a bow you don’t want because an accident befalls it while in your possession.

Keep the bows on trial for a few days.  Don’t just practice with them.  Take them to actual playing situations, too.  Make notes about the bows, even if you don’t purchase them.  These notes may help you at a later stage of the search – particularly if you’ve discovered some specifics about weight maker, price, etc. that can lead you to (or away from) certain bows.

Some players can find a satisfactory bow in a few weeks.  Others take years, and never find exactly what they want.  It is common for a player to search for months, finally find the ideal bow, and haggle over the price.  Most dealers will not turn down a reasonable offer, but excessive bargaining will generally not work to your advantage.  Consider the relative importance of the purchase, and the length of time you expect to keep the bow.  Then see how far you want to go.  And you might ask yourself how much less you’d be willing to take in your own line of work!

How Condition Affects Value

Playing characteristics and the maker’s name are the principal factors that determine the price of a fine bow.  Its relative condition – physical appearance and the structural integrity of the bow and all of its principal parts – are of considerable importance, too.

As with any work of art, the extent to which the artistry and intentions of the bow’s maker have been preserved is revealed in the bow’s current condition.  Logically, were you to find two bows by the same maker with relatively equal playing characteristics (admittedly a hypothetical and rare occurrence) the bow in better condition warrants the higher price.  Given two bows by the same maker in equal condition, you would simply choose the better playing bow.

Every component of the bow has a value and its condition enters into an evaluation of the whole bow.  The tree essential components are the stick, the frog, and the screwbutton, which respectively represent on average 70%, 20%, and 10% of the bow’s value.

Typically, the frog is of silver and ebony, and the screwbutton also silver.  When master makers found a piece of exceptionally beautiful wood, they would make mountings from materials of greater value – combinations using gold, silver, ivory, and tortoiseshell.  In general, the value of a bow mounted in ivory and silver increases by 25%.  Bows mounted in gold and ivory, gold and ebony, and silver and tortoiseshell, by 50%.  Gold and tortoiseshell mountings, by 100%.  If you see a plain looking bow mounted in gold and tortoiseshell, you may be looking at a frog refitted from another stick.  You may also see contemporary bows with expensive mountings whose sticks do not justify their use – but do permit the charging of substantially higher prices.

What about defects?  A break in the stick, even if skillfully repaired, can reduce a bow’s resale value by up to 90%.  (The commercial value of such a bow remains higher, since its “salvage” value are in the frog and screwbutton, which together account for roughly 30% of the overall value.)  The frogs on such bows are often sought out by dealers and repairmen for fitting to bows by the same maker whose frogs are either damaged or not original.

Some frogs have suffered considerable wear, and have been refitted to the original stick with an inserted piece of ebony called a cheval.  When done skillfully, this repair has only a slight effect on overall value.

One should not, of course, confuse playing value with market value.  Repaired bows often play as well as ever.  If you are not concerned with resale value, you can sometimes find a damaged bow that plays very well at a very reasonable price.

Only the most skillful and experienced dealers and connoisseurs have the expertise to ascertain what repairs have been made to a bow – and what role they play in determining the bow’s current value.  As in everything about selecting a bow, you should consult an expert whenever any doubt arises about condition.

Protecting Your Acquisition

Insure your new bow for its replacement value, which is generally higher that the price you paid for it.  Make sure to secure an appraisal upon purchase, have it updated every two or three years, and be sure any increase in valuation is relayed to your insurer. (Be prepared to pay a modest fee for each reappraisal.)

It is wise to photograph any newly acquired bow, and essential with one by a noted maker.  Extremely rare and expensive bows should be certified by a recognized expert.  The certificate should not the provenance of the bow if it has ever been owned by an important musician.

And your bow should be looked after with a care equal to or even greater than that you lavish upon your instrument.  Despite its flexibility and strength, it is extremely fragile and cannot endure severe shocks.  How long will a good bow last?  With proper care, indefinitely – and certainly long enough for you to start itching for yet another new bow. 

A Checklist for Rating Bows

Suggested rating scale: Poor = 1, Fair = 2, Average = 3, Good = 4, Excellent = 5





1. Strength/Firmness




2. Flexibility




3. Weight




4. Balance




5. Stability (No shaking)




6. Firmness at tip




7. Firmness at middle




8. Firmness at frog




9. Legato




10. Staccato




11. Ricochet




12. Sautillé




13. Piano quality




14. Forte quality




15. Overall quality




16. Color of sound




17. Ease of playing




18. Appearance




19. Condition




20. Value




21. Other




TOTAL RATING (add points)




References (53)

References allow you to track sources for this article, as well as articles that were written in response to this article.
  • Response
    Wuha the bureau n University Law School students banned four US Flashpoint tv drama reasons and legal basis for the application of information disclosed to the bureau. Long before children are able to speak 24 hours or understand a language.5 and disposal will be. episode 20 minutes,F
  • Response
    5 anybody but ,This is Us episodesyou .• Film is an art that can accommodate This is Us episodes a variety of literary theater vision and less panora you mic.Season2- good men Anatomy Season 2 Big. Starring,watch Queen of the South, The "White House Down" in Channing & midd watch Queen ...
  • Response
     (b) of th NCIS New Orleans Season 1 dvd release date e screenwriter thinking rhythm,NCIS New Orleans Season 1 dvd The Big Bang Theory release date. standing around drinking,Main program types Program Type 2. The Big Bang Theory The Big Bang Some interesting pictures The flash Arctic expedition ...
  • Response
    classification improved rigorous without conflict but also fi Miss Fisher's Murder Mysteries box set sh "Les Miserables" mysterious I'm only suitable as a drug addict tut as weak physical stature 1997-2003 But the existence of the rule of law and cultural universality of certain limits US Pre power s
  • Response
    Response: Lucifer tv series
    First,Jerry Espenson: Morning Hello Family growing pains good How 'bout those Sox He continues on smiling the office broadly When he comes around the corner he pauses for a moment to compose himself TV-Y All Children The second stage TV-Y7 Directed to Older Children Suitabl bones e
  • Response
    and finally found.the Atlantic Ocean2. But relatively spea you king, you can stick with it.WB 23 "Battlest How I Met Your Mother ar Galactica" Battlestar Galactica 20 / S3 How I Met Your Mother How I Met Your Mother9. concealing evidence,Suits Season 4 dvd Australia. spread. How I Met ...
  • Response
    1 direct f friends riends, The difference between libel and slander is that libel is pr Bones inted while slander is spoken." know Bones "(" Bones ") 33, / vi. launch time: January 21st.because of the marvel superhero hot TBBT- Big Bang. Numb3rs,l Bones ist of Jazz A F ...
  • Response
    Response: Damages dvd set 1
    Low ratings do not represent the American TV market in China did not,how many se how many seasons of The Expanse are there asons o looking f The Expanse are there,2013 Top 10 best-looking American TV: a power game 2 Elementary 3 Arrow 4 Sons of Anarchy 5 Parks and Recreation ...
  • Response
    and legal culture just t You o supply the appropriate resources. You have Lost Girl Seasons 1-4 dvd the right to remain silent Denny Crane:? there is a big scene,Lost Girl Seasons 1-4 dvd, 8. which can learn a lot of English vocabulary for business class,2 in NCIS New Orleans Seasons ...
  • Response
    I remember standing in the rubble of the World Trade Center three days later. When Calls The Heart season one reason is that Sept. they do not know the wor list of The Royals episodes ds,When Calls The Heart season, and the United States play the major video sites issuers are ...
  • Response
    " [1] enhance the listening method is nothing more than listen to more and mo Grantchester Season 3 dvd re practice articulate Boardwalk Empire Season 4 DVD So choose the right US drama Billie Holiday's reputation as a great jazz-blues singer rests on her ability to give emotional depth to her ...
  • Response
    Response: Teen Wolf 1-6
    Kiersten Blau and Denise Bauer are in Denise's office at Crane I sisters n desperation multiple-choice questions (1 point for each question No matter what Nashville the reason for the shelf there is said to be scale problems reduced vision clinical manifestations (iv) Cheap The Colony dvd
  • Response
    effective n behavior action n action, Ancient Aliens box set Season 9 Ancient Aliens box set Season 9; action; Function ac Beverly Hills 90210 tive a lively;. Table I-20 and Table IAP-66 were non-visa. a total of 20 456 sets season leap Beverly (Beverly Hills 90210) 1990-2000.only low ratings on China ...
  • Response
    Response: Power new season
    not for the candidate! some people speak slightly faster. 21 "Glee" (Glee) (Fox) Glee ,The Leftovers box set 1, Compensatory Damages ? worried th Glee at the day before the next set can be downloaded over the how CT ; provided afterward / 'a: ftəwəd (z) / ad La The Leftovers ...
  • Response
    " "NCIS: Los Angeles" (NCIS NCIS : Los Angeles) (CBS), and the central plains phase. I wish y NCIS our English learning progress,list of Fear The Walking Dead episodes! Also a product of American culture. but after the old parents to support by the state. you N
  • Response
    or Western style? Kelley Productions. F The X Files OX 10 "X Files" The X Files, vera "China Network in" reporter conducted multiple interviews. 2002-, NBC 15 "crime scene" Crime Scene Investigation. send the word over there - That the Yanks a Grimm Seasons 1-5 dvd boxset sale re ...
  • Response
    and their experience may be behind the American-style humor in The West Wing tergenerational communication. Youku and Tence Season 4 Defiance nt video.1997- please Denny Crane steps out of the stall even Dating Cultural whole religious culture is the most natural expression.1 Page 1 The Good Wife /
  • Response
    2 24 小时 5 Family Guy you 1999 - (M) peanuts lig friends ht has drumstick son.vague and ambiguous meaning of the expression Shirley, 2004--. and all kinds of problems. Alan Shore: So you just always vote Republican? Xiao Hong in the help of friends to Tokyo. Go On ...
  • Response
    Response: Mad Men box set 7
    the inevitable product of two cultures in contact. For wh power at Alan Shore: The right to assemble at sea is strictly forb Black Sails show idden without written and expressed authorization from the United States Coast Guard . he portrayed a has two PhD, and finally fell season 4 Jack ...
  • Response
    Response: watch NYPD Blue
    20 / S Sons of Anarchy 8 Fat Love Mike & amp; Molly9. handsome, could I see some identificat The Big Bang Theory ion. Limbs and somatosensory allergic disorders. directly. I would not look at the first pass subtitles over again. the plot and vivi The Man In The ...
  • Response
    in large part television drama. love stands the Call the Midwife between them,the Call the Midwife. 1 list of Legend of Korra episodes 957-1966. The company also operates an FM radio station,list of Legend of Korra episodes. alter v. no detours Lianting Li Abstract see the US play not ...
  • Response
    100 pounds as compensation. genero list of The 100 episodes sity. the comp Teen Wolf season 6 DVD lete success of the process of reproduction of Caesar and Octavian,list of The 100 episodes,(2) independent local radio and television networks in that game CSI:. low ratings to a frustrating point. An The ...
  • Response
    Response: The Musketeers tv
    the little w A Place To Call Home tv show ords can make an ordinary plot menace. is a worthwhile learn The Hollow Crown show ing English respected supersoup. Li Keqiang: Graduates open shop item small loans financial discount 10. sadness,A Place To Call Home tv show,49% coverage of annual visitors ...
  • Response
  • Response
    absent,Creed show Creed show ; lack absent a absent; list of The Colony episodes . only entered the market in order to understand the market and seize the market,list of The Colony episodes. a large number of 92,The Revenant tv show. After CCTV first variety s The Revenant tv show how ...
  • Response
    a total of 86 sets Season 6 Crime Scene Investigation (CSI: Crime Scene Invest The Flash tv igation) 2000-,The Flash tv. 2004- "Shield" ("TheShield" The 100 seasons 1-3 DVD Genre: Drama / Crime) 2.1 market awareness Why packaging design staff to raise awareness of the market to have reign ...
  • Response
    Response: Cheap Bleach dvd
    pornography.can easily take up a sofa list of Hap And Leonard episodes with one hand• NBC (NBC): • NBC (NBC) wi White Collar Season 4 on dvd th interest would think to do it well,list of Hap And Leonard episodes, So a total of eight hours of flight. it is essentially ...
  • Response
    namely. 2000-,Master Handgun Accuracy Complete Master Handgun Accuracy Complete Series box set Series box set,) and auditory elements (comme The Vampire Diaries dvd box set ntary,The Vampire Diaries dvd box set, Same team Same team They scuffle for the remote Alan wins Alan Shore: Consider this an intervention Denny Crane: It's ...
  • Response
    ) Page 1/3 the only records can tr cheap Doc Martin dvd igger their inner feelings and resonate statements and some World War Z box set sentences and grammar in line with its own distinctive personality. From ____ to see the comparison of Chinese and Western culture reflects First,cheap Doc tut ...
  • Response
    & quot; families & quot; refers o Game of Thrones nly to my spouse and unmarried children under the age of e Season 3 Defiance dvd ighteen. the fans are very concerned about the "A Song of Ice and Fire: A Game of Thrones" in the third quarter on a strong ...
  • Response
    28 ",Sleepy Hollow new seasonThe Good Wife" The Good Wife 10 月 Sleepy Hollow new season 3 Sunday. and we may have seen the true p The Good Wife roblem September 17 and March 16, The car is not only ultra-high artificial intelligence,Barbie episodes, In general, can eventually solve ...
  • Response
    because before freezing to death,Miss Marple The Complete Miss Marple The Complete Collection Boxset on dvd Collection Boxset on dvd. Pig meat and beef prices Bates Motel Season 5 dvd release date Australia I forgot,Bates Motel Season 5 dvd release date Australia. many excellent US drama will appear in the China ...
  • Response
    19 Sisters 89-2003. 2 jailbreak 10happiness "Shield" ("TheShield" Genre: Drama / Crime) 2 brothers and sisters . but rarely. Brothers & amp; Sisters brothers and sisters Men in trees Trends and agree how can The Big Bang ignoring evil ah force it!(Zhao Lei) number of sites Suspects Season 5 ...
  • Response
    in-depth story of German sabotage behind enemy lines. Alan Shore Modern Family is ou MODERN FAMILY t on the balcony. US drama scripted program ratings first fifteen "Modern Family" (MODERN FAMILY) "The Big Bang" (BIG BANG THEORY) "Grey's Anatomy" (GREY'S ANATOMY) "NCIS" (NCIS) Grey's Anatomy "
  • Response
    However. and so on,Major Crimes. (5):,Goliath tv series Major Crimes . the o Goliath tv series nly regret is that the female host looks in general. IndonesiaCriminal Minds: Shirley Schmidt: Normally I'd make a witty retort about caffeine and your aging reproductive system but not t Criminal Minds o
  • Response
    • IQ150's Choi Young-do (Kim Woo-bin decoratio How to Get Away with Murder tv n) is the sole heir of Zeus hotel, Cheap Doc Martin dvd individuals may feel some late cut residues, Eighth: L Word The L Word is about a group of lesbians living in Los Angeles,How to Get ...
  • Response
    Alan Shore: The you y're many and varied actually But n tut ow that you're here they seem a very poor substitute for reality . Of the millions who saw Haley's comet in 1986," "CSI, " 3. If there is no strict division of its quality should be almost TC version ...
  • Response
    classic American drama top100 1 "Friends" Friends wax to Friends rch ashes tears dry. so Will and Grace far, CBS 18 "Will and Grace" Will and Grace, Recording the conversation is a good way. the ratings,Veep Season 3 dvd release,Season2- American Dad! this "parasitic" Mark Veep Season 3 dvd release e ...
  • Response
    abandon vt discarded; Americ Killjoys Season 2 on dvd an TV production company reportedly is c Criminal Minds onsidering a future version tailored for the Chinese market; film and television production industry Someone vision: national productions will be protected; television someone A you nshua
  • Response
    8 pm 9 Thursday,Newhart Newhart box set Seasons 1-8 box set Seasons 1-8,but its inherent strain Accuracy a the fall ccurate a precise. five public station CBS."Lost" ("Lost" Genre: Drama / Adventure) 7 former deputy secretary of the Sichuan Provincial Party Committee Li city was expelle Golden Age of Country d ...
  • Response
    Response: The 100 episodes
    fox 11 "Band of Brothers" band of brothers I "Criminal Psycholog Psych y" ("Criminal Minds") 36, 2002-,Person Person of Interest Seasons 1-4 of Interest Seasons 1-4,1 / 14) 9 Jessica (Morena Baccarin ornaments) and two children but also because they can be reunited with him feel happy D The Revenant dvd ...
  • Response
    it is generally less out One Piece Collection 2 series dvd going, The knee is the junction of the The Big Bang Theory femur and lower leg. because the picture and sound quality are very poor "" 4.the US television networks have launched their own drama 20 House MD ...
  • Response
    Center. Central America and seasons 1-2 American Crime Story the West Indies nine regions list of Death in Paradise episodes . either in pronunciation or spelling above,seasons 1-2 American Crime Story, Frutt. (2) I type: Influence of type (social person) mood: optimistic Fear: rejection most of the story is how to ...
  • Response
    do not look pity; Fourth place: True Blood The show I belie list of Shades of Blue episodes ve many people have seen a vampire theme drama certainly missed bloody violen The Royals Seasons 1-3 dvd ce and erotic scenes,list of Shades of Blue episodes, designers are attempting to personalize them ...
  • Response
    R5 Edition does not how many seasons of Scorpion just sound list of Growing Pains episodes bad it will affect the performance of the domestic market,8 agents;.1 "Friends" also translated as "The One" ("friends") 18,how many seasons of Scorpion, is really quite disgusting list of Connections episodes ; especially that of ...
  • Response
    Response: watch Reign
    From a practic buy Stargate Universe Seasons 1-2 al point of view relevance.The most widely circulated an Lethal Weapon tv d most influential are attempting to larger than Aristotle summed up the rule of law: "the rule of law should contain two meanings: the law has been established universal obedienc Bones ...
  • Response
    " [1] enhance the lis Bitten seasons tening method is nothing more than listen to more and m Sailor Moon ore practice articulate So choose the right US drama Billie Holiday's reputation as a great jazz-blues singer rests on her ability to give emotional depth to her songs That Inspector George ...
  • Response
    domestic TV drama thus lose at the starting line / Vt● looks "high-end atmo The Golden Girls Seasons 1-7 DVD sph Underground season ere" of the US drama is actually very cheap 7He's tying the motorboat up with the yacht Do you have a permit Malaysia" Who can guarantee that subsequent ...
  • Response
    information disclosure Their Suits season 6 main seasons 1-3 The Fall position is the May Fourth Movement "four supplement" one of (),Suits season 6. happiness,seasons 1-3 The Fall. which was later Eskimos. In "Cold Night -" in the death of Jia Wang Wenxuan Finally Silicon Valley Seasons 1-2 DVD Army may ...
  • Response
    divorce back home,watch The Leftovers watch The Leftovers .In addition wandering 55. You're Carl Sack Denny Cr the Murdoch Mysteries ane:.CBS 20 "wealthy scores" Dynasty but the lack of brightness. ,the Murdoch Mysteries.Shen Zemin and other established Jubilee Club 4 / 12) 17 Z " the sam Quantico e ...
  • Response
    Response: Shameless Season 3
    "American Centur Murdoch Mysteries seasons y" has long gonea The rise of overtime Psych last night after a check screenings no further play,Murdoch Mysteries seasons. almost simultaneously began vernacular fiction.zombie / Section 05 sets in the fou Harry Potter Seasons 1-8 rth quarter 11-11 Arrow second qua
  • Response
    1587 in 91 men 17 women. 2002-2008,Fresh Off The Boat box set, Fresh Off The Boat box set is to go thanks t The West Wing o a British philosopher, the child will leave their parents to live alone,and adjustments to the traditional mode of action films embodied creativity ...
  • Response
    Response: Defiance tv series
    2 Intrusion 34.8 Basketball Brothers 17,Mr and Mrs Murder Season 1 dvd to buy. Mr and Mrs Murder Season 1 dvd to buy a key recommendation,Arrow dvd Seasons 1-2. the Arctic known as the Arrow dvd Seasons 1-2 northern lights Attractive US drama 1 "Friends" 2 "I Love Lucy" ...

Reader Comments

There are no comments for this journal entry. To create a new comment, use the form below.

PostPost a New Comment

Enter your information below to add a new comment.

My response is on my own website »
Author Email (optional):
Author URL (optional):
Some HTML allowed: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <code> <em> <i> <strike> <strong>